During the Summer of 2017, American diplomats stationed in Havana, Cuba began experiencing symptoms associated with traumatic brain injuries after hearing strange noises in the night. These symptoms ranged from mere nausea to memory loss and hearing loss. While there has been no definitive conclusion as to the cause of these symptoms, the world has speculated that American diplomats were subjected to sonic warfare by an unknown enemy whose identity has remained masked by the anonymity of this type of warfare. This Note explores the implications of sonic warfare and what the international community is able to do when battling a covert enemy. This Note also sets forth ideas to solve the problem and proposes extending current international law to explicitly bar sonic warfare from use by nations.
Joseph M. Nielsen,
Electromagnetic Conflict: The Implications of New Methods of Warfare and the Need for International Action,
45 Brook. J. Int'l L.
Available at: https://brooklynworks.brooklaw.edu/bjil/vol45/iss2/6