Brooklyn Journal of International Law


Harry K. Tiwari

First Page



Reigning in Nigeria, Boko Haram, a terrorist organization has murdered over 15,000 civilians and forced over two million people away from their homes. To address such crimes, the International Criminal Court (ICC) was created after its founding treaty, the Rome Statute, entered into effect on July 1, 2002. The ICC’s mandate—to prosecute genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes—had remained unfulfilled, as it has only issued three verdicts in approximately fifteen years of existence and has failed to protect international humanitarian law. Historically, the U.N Security Council has established two successful international criminal tribunals, which investigated and prosecuted a specific conflict in the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. This Note examines the deadly evolution of Boko Haram, which started off as a peaceful protest and evolved into a multistate terrorist organization. It examines the historical response to two region-specific conflicts, the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, and explores the ICC’s shortcomings. This Note concludes that the U.N. Security Council must create an international criminal tribunal in Nigeria to prosecute Boko Haram members.